CRITICAL THINKINGCRITICAL THINKING by Toni Krasnic
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Distinguish fact from opinion
What is the basis of your opinion?
What evidence do you have to support it?
Why do you believe the information is accurate?
Why do you think this would apply to this problem?
What assumptions are you making?
Why do you believe your assumptions apply to this situation?
What assumptions do you think other people are making?
If we were to shift our assumptions, how would that affect our decision?
Seek alternative viewpoints
How do you see the situation?
Why do you see it this way?
What were you expecting to see?
How do you see this playing out in the future?
How might the situation be different if different assumptions were made?
2. Evaluate Arguments
Be aware of persuasion techniques
What's in it for me?
What's their intent?
What are the consequences?
Is this statement free of judgment?
Is there confirmation bias?
Check strong emotions
How is emotion affecting the way information is being presented to you?
How are your emotions affecting your ability to think critically?
How would you interpret the same data if strong emotions were not at play?
3. Draw Conclusions
Weigh data carefully
Where does the data come from?
Why consider the data?
Is data relevant?
What's most important?
What does the data say?
How else can the data be interpreted?
Use multiple sources
How many sources are used and for what purpose?
Are there other source that could be used?
Ask others to critique
Who should critique your work and why?
What do you want them to do?
Diagram for understanding
CRITICAL THINKING is a continuous, purposeful, and reflective process about what to believe, do, think, or learn. It is fact based, hypothesis-driven, and structured thinking. It uses systematic and objective methods to solve problems and liberates you from inaccuracies, biases, and misleading information.
Category: Critical thinking